Volume: 19, Issue: 10 - 06/01/2021


Subcontracts usually make it clear that the sub, an independent trade contractor, is responsible for determining the means and methods of achieving the work product defined in the subcontract. This encompasses not just construction techniques but also safety practices. The subcontractor is obligated to comply with certain safety standards, such as OSHA. The manner in which the sub achieves compliance is left to the sub alone. This week's first case involves a suit by a subcontractor against a prime for failure to stop the work.  The second case this week involves application of a change order release to a delay claim.  Read more.


A prime contractor’s right to schedule and stop work did not make the prime responsible for a subcontractor’s safety practices. The prime had no control over the sub’s means and methods of construction and did not assert actual control over the sub’s employees.


Standard release language in a VA bilateral contract modification precluded any claim associated with the changed work. The VA had not excepted a delay claim from the release because it did not continue to negotiate the claim after execution of the contract modification.

Volume: 19, Issue: 9 - 05/17/2021


Many states require a “certificate of merit” as a threshold to a malpractice suit against a design professional. Intended to weed out frivolous claims, the certificate must be signed by a similarly licensed professional in the same jurisdiction. And, the certificate must attribute specific costs or losses to specific alleged shortcomings of the individual design professional. The first case this week deals with a malpractice suit where two different architects sealed the same set of construction-ready documents.  


The second case this week deals with an off-site supplier qualified as a subcontractor for the purpose of filing a mechanic's lien.  This week's third case involves a contractor who lost a claim for failure to follow notice provisions in the contract. Read more.


Where two architects sealed the same design documents without allocating responsibility, the architects could not invalidate a certificate of merit in a malpractice action by arguing the certificate failed to attribute specific errors or omissions to a specific architect.


An off-site fabricator qualified as a subcontractor under mechanic’s lien statutes. The fabricator furnished substantial labor in accordance with drawings and specifications unique to the project. No on-site labor was required.


The 20-day written notice requirement in the standard federal Changes clause is strictly enforced. In the absence of such notice, a contractor was not entitled to payment for 16 “change order” invoices. The contractor’s default was not excused by nonpayment.

Volume: 19, Issue: 8 - 05/03/2021


When confronted with a costly site condition, contractors are sometimes quick to claim it is a compensable “differing” site condition. This raises the question, “differing” from what? As a general rule, the condition must differ from an affirmative representation in the contract documents; however, silence or failure to alert is not a positive indication. And, the contract documents, when read as a whole, may have been sufficient to put an experienced contractor on notice of the condition it encountered. This week's first case left the contractor with extra costs for a condition not explicitly depicted in the contract documents but was neither a changed condition nor an unusual condition.


The second case this week deals with a low bidder on a project had its bid rejected for being unbalanced.  Read more.


Although contract drawings did not expressly warn that an existing subsurface utility line was concrete-encased, depictions and labeling in the drawings put the contractor on notice of that fact. This was not a Type I differing site condition. And, the concrete encasement was more usual than not, so it could not be a Type II differing site condition.


The extreme front loading of a low bid created a risk the contract balance would be insufficient to pay for completion of the work in the event of a contractor default. The bid was materially unbalanced, and the public project owner was obligated, under the terms of the solicitation, to reject the bid as nonresponsive.

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